A survey by Arthur M. Ross disclosed that twenty-two percent of the cases involving the discipline and discharge of employees were caused by insubordination. This analysis revealed that insubordination ranked third as the most frequent cause in the disciplining of union stewards.
In general, insubordination is a steward's deliberate refusal to obey management's orders or plant rules." In addition, it includes any instructions he gives to the employees to disobey such orders or rules. Although insubordination may also include such things as abusive language and leading wildcat strikes in defiance of management's warnings, these offenses are not treated in this paper. Thus, this paper will deal with a more limited concept of insubordination including: