The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) vi'as established in 1966 by a General Assembly resolution of the United Nations, subsequent to a proposal by Hungary that urged the United Nations to play a more active role in removing or reducing legal obstacles to the flow of international trade. Several international bodies entrusted with the harmonization of law already existed, but none had attracted truly global participation. It was intended tbat UNCITRAL should fill that role. Since tbe Commission was created, it has accomplished concrete work in several fields, and it is now widely recognized as the core legal body for the unification and harmonization of international trade law.
International commercial arbitration is a field in which UNCITRAL has been particularly active. Among the outstanding achievements of the Commission in this field are the widely used UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules, including the recommendations to assist arbitral institutions and other interested bodies with regard to arbitrations under these rules. Most recently, UNCITRAL adopted a Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration, designed to serve as a model for national laws to meet the particular needs of international commercial arbitration.
An UNCITRAL Working Group began work on the Model Law in 1982, and the Commission adopted it on lunc 21, 1985, after three weeks of deliberation. The preparation of the Model Law also included extensive consultation with arbitral institutions and individual experts of international commercial arbitration.