A New Era in Voting Technology: The Changing Landscape of Election Disputes - Dispute Resolution Journal - Vol. 59, No. 3
Jeanne Zaino is an assistant professor of political science at Iona College in New Rochelle, N.Y. She holds a master’s degree in survey research from the University of Connecticut and a masters degree and a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Massachusetts. She is the co-author of Adventures in Social Research.
Jeffrey Zaino is the vice president of elections for the American Arbitration Association. He oversees the Association’s Department of Elections in New York, which conducts elections across the nation for unions, associations, colleges and corporations. Mr. Zaino is a member of the bar in Connecticut and the District of Columbia.
Originally from Dispute Resolution Journal
In the aftermath of the presidential election debacle in November 2000, President Bush signed the first significant federal legislation in American history investing in the election administration process. As a result, millions of Americans going to the polls in November 2004 are likely to encounter new voting technology. Almost 30% of the electorate will use touch-screen voting systems. However, recent concerns have been raised about the security and reliability of these systems. With the presidential election just months away, this article addresses several of these concerns, since they may change the landscape of election disputes in 2004 and beyond.
For weeks following the presidential election in 2000—the first such election in the 21st century—the American public was inundated with pictures of poll workers in Florida trying to determine whether “chads” were pregnant, dimpled or hanging. The news was replete with stories of confusing butterfly ballots, antiquated voting machines, voters being turned away from polling sites, machine malfunctions and the like. Public officials around the country blamed inaccurate voter registration rolls, inferior equipment, perplexing ballot designs, inadequate funds and an assortment of other problems for these difficulties.