In recent years, both labor and management have become increasingly interested in cooperative efforts to improve productivity and the quality of work life. During this time, the variety of approaches to labor-management cooperation has also expanded, with program techniques continuing to evolve.
To guide further initiat,ves in this area, there must be studies of current experience on cooperative arrangements that produce timely and reliable information. The existing literature on the effeci:s of cooperative arrangements is vast, but there is little evidence regarding the effects of such arrangements on productivity. This paper is an attempt to add to the existing body of research by presenting a conceptual model that illustrates cooperative arrangements.