Mr. Klapper, a senior at the New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, is Editor-in-Chief of the ILR Forum. He wishes to express his gratitude to Professor Jean T. McKelvey for her helpful comments and criticisms in the formulation and development of this study.
In the aftermath of the wave of public employee strikes which hit a number of key metropolitan areas rather severely in 1968, several states decided to experiment with compulsory arbitration statutes for the protective services. Robert Howlett has recently noted that one of the most critical differences among these varying states is in their treatment of prescribed standards or criteria to guide arbitrators in making their awards. The conventional wisdom in this field is that such standards facilitate the arbitration process by setting up legislated limitations on the discretion of the neutral. Professor Hines has stated that "arbitration of the basic labor agreement as an alternative to collective bargaining is quite simple to suggest but extremely difficult to implement to the satisfaction of the parties" because of "the absence of substantive criteria to guide the arbitrators in arriving at a decisions."2