Throughout the 1990s, the number of lawsuits in Korean courts skyrocketed. Because of this, the courts could no longer offer the same quality legal service. This necessitated a simpler and timesaving alternative dispute resolution system. At the same time, there was the belief that resolving conflicts through mediation, in which the two parties concerned come to an agreement, was better than even the best judicial decision. When the two parties make mutual concessions to reach an agreement, both parties are less likely to be dissatisfied. Moreover, the most important role of contemporary courts was thought to be bringing legal disputes to an amicable settlement. In this sense, mediation was the desirable solution. The Supreme Court of Korea also wanted to accomplish two things. First, the Supreme Court wanted the litigants to be the main subjects of litigation. Through mediation, the parties may participate more actively in the entire process. Second, the judicial branch aimed to lower the cost of litigation. This is not just limited to the monetary side. All the parties concerned, as well as the courts, ought to be able to minimize time and efforts in addition to fees. The Supreme Court of Korea realized that expanding the role of mediation would help deal with most of the problems it faced.