In a narrow sense, the proposition that arbitration to settle disputes in higher education is a recent phenomenon is correct.' Collective bargaining is a late arrival on the university and college scene. It has, even now, only a limited presence and what arbitration there has been pursuant to collective agreement has occurred in the 197O's for the most part. However, dispute settlement procedures, particularly in the area of tenure disputes, have existed in many institutions of higher education for some time. Within the past fifteen years, these procedures have become increasingly formal and in many situations, are accurately described as a form of advisory arbitration.