CD Contents - Investment Protection and The Energy Charter Treaty
Graham Coop, General Counsel, Energy Charter Secretariat, Brussels
Graham Coop joined the Energy Charter Secretariat as General Counsel in 2004. Prior to this, he was Head of the Energy and Natural Resources Group at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer, Paris, where he was based from 1992 until 2002, followed by two years as a partner with Denton Wilde Sapte’s Energy and Infrastructure Department in London. He was a member of the legal team representing Bahrain in its territorial sovereignty and maritime delimitation dispute with Qatar in the International Court of Justice and received the Order of Bahrain as a result of his work on that dispute. In 1998 and 1999 he was seconded to lead the 5-lawyer International Transport and Supply Contracts Division of the Legal Service of Gaz de France, the French gas utility. He has written and spoken extensively on international legal questions, including legal issues for international energy companies investing in Iraq. He has advised governments and international corporations on disputed sovereignty and maritime delimitation issues throughout the Middle East. His extensive experience in oil, gas, electricity, water, renewable energy and infrastructure covers major projects, joint ventures, supply agreements, transport agreements, competition and regulatory issues, and contentious matters. He is regularly published and cited in the U.K., French and Arabic press and speaks regularly at conferences in the U.K., Continental Europe and Africa.
Clarisse Ribeiro, Legal Counsel, Energy Charter Secretariat, Brussels
Clarisse Ribeiro joined the Energy Charter Secretariat in 2002 and is Legal Counsel in the Legal Affairs unit. Among her responsibilities, Ms Ribeiro is actively involved in the Legal Advisory Task Force, mandated by the Energy Charter Conference to prepare model agreements for the construction of cross-border pipelines, and is responsible for contacts with the Legal Department of the Portuguese Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Depository of the Energy Charter Treaty. Prior to joining the Energy Charter Secretariat, Ms Ribeiro worked as an Official for the Secretariat Division of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt am Main.
Originally from Investment Protection and The Energy Charter Treaty
The Energy Charter Treaty is a unique instrument for the promotion of international cooperation in the energy sector. Following its entry into force on 16 April 1998, the Treaty, together with the related documents contained in this booklet, provides an important legal basis for the creation of an open international energy market.
The Charter process includes the countries of the enlarged European Union, Central and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, Central Asia and the Caucasus, as well as Japan, Australia and Mongolia. The Treaty remains open for accession by all countries committed to observance of its principles. It is very positive in this regard that states such as China, Iran, South Korea and the countries of ASEAN are taking a close interest in the Charter process, thus opening up the prospect of a further extension of its geographical scope.
The primary challenge facing the constituent members of the Energy Charter process in the coming years will be that of ensuring full implementation of the Treaty’s commitments. This will entail increased focus on multilateral cooperation over transit, trade, investments, environmental protection and energy efficiency. By continuing to build on its existing work in these areas, the Charter process stands ready to play a key role in translating the aim of a truly open non-discriminatory energy market into reality.
This publication of the Energy Charter Treaty and related documents has been made possible thanks to a generous financial contribution from the Netherlands. On behalf of the Energy Charter Secretariat, I would like to express my sincere gratitude for this support. I trust that this publication will provide a valuable reference tool, and also help in raising broader awareness about the provisions of the Energy Charter Treaty.
ECT and Related Instruments
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules