CD Contents - Investment Arbitration and the Energy Charter Treaty
About the Editor:
Clarisse Ribeiro, Counsel, Energy Charter Secretariat, Brussels
Clarisse Ribeiro joined the Energy Charter Secretariat in 2002 and is Legal Counsel in the Legal Affairs unit. Among her responsibilities, Ms. Ribeiro is actively involved in the Legal Advisory Task Force, mandated by the Energy Charter Conference to prepare model agreements for the construction of cross-border pipelines, and is responsible for contacts with the Legal Department of the Portuguese Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Depository of the Energy Charter Treaty. Prior to joining the Energy Charter Secretariat, Ms. Ribeiro worked as an Official for the Secretariat Division of the European Central Bank in Frankfurt am Main.
Before taking a post-graduate diploma (DESS) in public international law at the University of Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, which she passed with first class honours in 2000, Ms Ribeiro graduated with honours from the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas.
The Energy Charter Treaty is a unique instrument for the promotion of international
cooperation in the energy sector. Following its entry into force on 16 April 1998, the
Treaty, together with the related documents contained in this booklet, provides an
important legal basis for the creation of an open international energy market.
The Charter process includes the countries of the enlarged European Union, Central
and Eastern Europe, the Russian Federation, Central Asia and the Caucasus, as well
as Japan, Australia and Mongolia. The Treaty remains open for accession by all
countries committed to observance of its principles. It is very positive in this regard
that states such as China, Iran, South Korea and the countries of ASEAN are taking
a close interest in the Charter process, thus opening up the prospect of a further
extension of its geographical scope.
The primary challenge facing the constituent members of the Energy Charter
process in the coming years will be that of ensuring full implementation of the
Treaty’s commitments. This will entail increased focus on multilateral cooperation
over transit, trade, investments, environmental protection and energy efficiency. By
continuing to build on its existing work in these areas, the Charter process stands
ready to play a key role in translating the aim of a truly open non-discriminatory
energy market into reality.
This publication of the Energy Charter Treaty and related documents has been made
possible thanks to a generous financial contribution from the Netherlands. On
behalf of the Energy Charter Secretariat, I would like to express my sincere gratitude
for this support. I trust that this publication will provide a valuable reference tool,
and also help in raising broader awareness about the provisions of the Energy
ECT and Related Instruments
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules