1. The Brazilian Olympic Committee (“BOC”), the First Appellant, is the National Olympic Committee for Brazil. The BOC is the governing body of Brazilian Olympic sports, and is responsible for enrolling Brazilian athletes in the Olympic Games. The national confederations whose sports are part of the Olympic Program are directly linked to the BOC.
2. The Brazilian Taekwondo Confederation (“BTC”), the Second Appellant, is the governing body of taekwondo in Brazil.
3. Márcio Ferreira Wenceslau, the Third Appellant, (the “Brazilian athlete” or “Ferreira”), is an international level taekwondo athlete from Brazil who was 31 years old at the time of the contest relevant for this case. Ferreira participated in the Pan-American Qualification Tournament for the London 2012 Olympic Games held in Querétaro, Mexico from November 18, 2011 to November 20, 2011 (the “Tournament”). Ferreira has been a professional taekwondo athlete since 2002, and is affiliated with the BTC. The First, Second, and Third Appellants are collectively referred to as the “Appellants.”
4. The World Taekwondo Federation (“WTF”), the First Respondent, is the International Federation (“IF”) governing the sport of taekwondo, and is based in Seoul, Korea. The WTF recognizes, as its members, national taekwondo governing bodies that are recognized by the National Olympic Committees (“NOCs”) of the relevant countries. The WTF oversees competitive taekwondo events internationally, including administration of the Tournament.
5. The Comité Olímpico Mexicano (“COM”), the Second Respondent, is the National Olympic Committee for Mexico. The COM is the governing body of Mexican Olympic sports, and has exclusive powers for the representation of Mexico at the Olympic Games.
6. The Federación Mexicana de Taekwondo (“FMT”), the Third Respondent, is the governing body of taekwondo in Mexico.
7. Damian Alejandro Villa Valadez (the “Mexican athlete” or “Villa”), is an international level taekwondo athlete from Mexico, who participated in the Tournament. Villa is affiliated with the FMT. The First, Second, and Third Respondents are collectively referred to as the “Respondents.” The Appellants and the Respondents are collectively referred to as the “Parties.”