A. LEGISLATION, TRENDS AND TENDENCIES There have been no amendments to Turkey’s International Arbitration Law (IAL) in the past year. B. CASES B.1 The Turkish Court of Appeal Redefines Public Policy An ICC award rendered by an arbitral tribunal seated in Turkey was recently set aside by the Turkish Court of Appeal4 for contravening public policy. In doing so, the Court clarified the scope of the public policy exception. The court stated that public policy under Turkish law encompasses the following: [T]he complete set of rules that protect the fundamental interests of society and designate the fundamental structure of the society, within a specific period of time, from political, social, economic, moral and legal perspectives…. For instance, since customs and tax laws concern public policy, an award that orders the payment of a receivable that contravene the tax laws will cause public policy intervention for conflicting with fundamental principles that are deemed indispensable by Turkish law.