A. LEGISLATION, TRENDS AND TENDENCIES A.1 Recent Developments in Legislation Both international and domestic arbitrations in the Czech Republic are governed by Act No. 216/1994 Coll. on Arbitration Proceedings and Enforcement of Arbitration Awards, as amended (the “Arbitration Act”). The Arbitration Act is based on the UNCITRAL Model Law and became effective in 1995. Pursuant to Section 30 of the Arbitration Act, the provisions of Act No. 99/1963 Coll. on Civil Procedure, as amended (the “Act on Civil Procedure”) also apply as subsidiary law. In the 2012-2013 Yearbook, we noted that with effect from May 1, 2012, the Arbitration Act was subject to an extensive amendment focused on disputes arising from consumer contracts, the purpose of which was to better protect consumers. It is possible that some of the amendments reinforcing the principles of equality between the parties will also be applied by Czech courts to commercial arbitrations by way of analogy. Another more recent legislative change is the transfer of certain provisions of the Arbitration Act relating to foreign arbitration awards to Act No. 91/2012 Coll. on Private International Law, as amended (the “Act on Private International Law”). That transfer became effective on January 1, 2014, but has had no substantial effect on practice. The only somewhat significant change is the introduction in Section 117 of the Act on Private International Law (formerly Section 36 of the Arbitration Act), of a new provision stating that “[…] other requirements of the arbitration contract shall be assessed pursuant to the legal regulations of the country, where the arbitration award shall be rendered.”3 Prior to 2014, this rule had only inferred by some legal authorities and had not been stipulated by law.