The papers collected in this book — a compendium of the proceedings of the International Council for Arbitration’s Tokyo Conference, held in June 1988 — offer valuable information on relevant national legislation and arbitration institutions in the Far East, and shed light on the difference between Western and Far Eastern attitudes towards arbitration. This discussion of regional issues is perhaps the most interesting contribution: the reader is left with the impression that there is a trend towards the convergence of different legal and cultural approaches to arbitration. The book also contains useful surveys of recent developments in other regions of the world. The last section is devoted to arbitration in the specialized area of combined transportation. The book opens with Professor Yasuhei Taniguchi’s report on Japan and a discussion of the Chinese law by Tang Houzhi. The commentators indicate that the growth of international arbitration in these countries is hindered by increasingly outdated national statutes. The Japanese arbitration law was copied from its German equivalent in 1890 and has remained largely unchanged. It is a relatively simple piece of legislation containing general provisions but no specific mention of international arbitration, and there is little illuminating case law. Thus, potential sources of contention such as the arbitrability of specific claims, the enforceability of an arbitration agreement (though Japanese courts recognize the separability of the agreement from the principal contract), and the choice of applicable law for procedural and substantive purposes are all unsettled under Japanese law. Partly as a result of these uncertainties, relatively few arbitration agreements provide for arbitration in Japan, whether ad hoc or institutionally administered.