Charles L. Redel is an associate professor in the College of Business at the University of Wisconsin, La Crosse, Wis. He is an arbitrator on panels for the AAA and other groups.
Augustus Abbey is a professor in the College of Business at the University ofWisconsin, La Crosse, Wis. He has authored articles on drug testing and alcohol problems in the workplace and employee assistance programs.
The use and abuse of alcohol and drugs in the workplace and in society as a whole have serious implications for employee job performance and productivity. According to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment, about 18.2 million Americans are regular users of marijuana and 5.8 million Americans use cocaine.l The National Institute on Drug Abuse indicates that controlled substance abuse may cost industry $100 billion annually in lost productivity caused by absenteeism, accidents and decreased productivity.2