The contemporary interpretation of what qualifies–and what does not qualify–as a “foreign or international tribunal” within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 1782 transcends the traditional definition of “courts” encompassed within the judicial branch of foreign governments. Building on the liberalizing interpretation of Section 1782 by the United States Supreme Court in Intel Corp. v. Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., 542 U.S. 241 (2004), federal courts that have grappled with this question have generally expanded the spectrum of the bodies and entities that qualify as “foreign or international tribunals” under the statute.
Section 1782 is not particularly lengthy. Nevertheless, it makes reference to the words “foreign or international tribunal” twice and references the words “international tribunal” in a third instance.